Stone statues on the hills have long been a characteristic feature of the southern steppe. It is known that they were called balbal, idols or ancestors, but most often - stone baba. In some types of statues, a large head is not clearly distinguished, shoulders are visible. Interestingly, their legs were almost not carved.
In Turkic, the word baba means father or elder. The most widespread name is Polovtsian. This is a tribe that inhabited our lands from the 11th to 13th centuries, until the time when the Mongol Tatars drove them out of here. They put such idols on their graves. Then they were called Polovtsian idols.
How are they interesting? The fact that the Polovtsy set an idol not only in the form of men, but also in the form of women, despite the fact that in nomadic societies a person has the highest value in relation to a woman. The idols themselves are the prototype of our tombstones.
We can say that these stones have some special energy. People also endow them with some special property. It has long been believed that removing baba from the grave is not very good - they will be pursued by misfortunes and illnesses.
They say that in the 19th century there was even a documented case when the population removed one such idol from the mound, and then for a very long time there was no rain on this land, drought began. This continued until the residents put it back.
Also, stone baba were used as a guide. The Chumaks who went to trade in the Crimea often used the same roads that the nomads walked, and when the sun or stars were not visible, baba helped the traders to correctly identify the cardinal points.