The Rosenthal Mennonite colony is a historical settlement of migrants of the West European ethno-confessional group in the right-bank region of modern Zaporizhzhia - Verkhnia Khortytsia, founded in 1789. It existed as the center of the Khortytskiy volost of the Ekaterinoslavskiy district. The complex of buildings inherited from the Mennonite colony are unique works of architecture.
Mennonite farms had high land conservation rates and were distinguished by exemplary and highly productive livestock breeds. The Mennonites had small plants, factories, mills, workshops, engaged, in addition to agriculture, sericulture. They attached special importance to the upbringing and education of children, considered literacy to be the most important human need, and were distinguished by their industriousness, strong social lifestyle, and loyalty to moral and ethical standards.
Among others, the Rosenthal Mennonite colonies were distinguished by their particular architecture. The vast majority of houses of the late 19th - early 20th centuries are made in "yugendstile" (German understanding of Art Nouveau). One of the striking examples of this style on Verkhnia Khortytsia is the so-called Valman castle. It was built in the early twentieth century at the expense of the local industrialist Valman to house a kindergarten. The castle is perfectly inscribed in the landscape of the steep slope of the beam.
The large two-story building of the Mennonite church was the spiritual center of the Mennonites until 1935, in which the church was converted into a cinema. For a short while, the building again became a church in 1941 - after the arrival of the Germans. Or during the liberation of Verkhnia Khortytsia, or after it, the building was destroyed and rebuilt in a different form - in the form of a house of culture.
In the Art Nouveau style, the buildings of the Mennonite school for teacher training and a school for girls have also been completed. They are located in a small square. In the same square in 2009. A monument was opened to the Mennonites, victims of the calamities of Stalinist terror and religious persecution.
At the beginning of the 20th century the first in Ukraine and in the Russian Empire the Union of Conservationists was created here. Its members closed quarries, planted forests, cultivated plants. The society was located in the building of the Mennonite school for girls.
It is known that it was the inhabitants of the village who preserved a unique natural monument for posterity - the 700-year-old Zaporizhzhia oak tree